Community Integration. Island Tourism in Peru
In: Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 113±139, 2001
This paper examines tourism planning and management in the Andean community of Taquile Island, Peru. A framework of community integration in tourism was developed and applied to this community in a case study approach. The intention of this framework is to help guide planning, development, management, research, and evaluation of community-based tourism projects. Community integration in tourism was primarily defined in terms of decision-making power structures and processes, local control or ownership, type and distribution of employment, and the number of local people employed in the local tourism sector. It was found that a high level of community integration on Taquile Island led to greater socioeconomic benefits for a majority of residents.